Did you know that the electric vehicle (EV) electricity demand could reach 53 billion kilowatt-hours by 2030 across China, Europe, and the United States? This is a 20-fold increase which means the Electric Vehicle Charging Stations infrastructure needs to grow as well.
Technology is changing quickly. Each year brings with it an increase in demand and a variety of new models to choose from. Even Rolls Royce unveiled its first electric car “Spectre”, and they plan on going all-electric by 2030.
With the global trend of countries moving towards zero-emission, there is a push towards electric vehicles. As a property or facility manager, you want to make sure you provide the best for your commercial clients and staff by staying ahead of the trend. The first step in proposing to install EV Charging Stations is understanding the benefits of EV Charging Stations in 2023 and beyond.
What Is an Electric Vehicle Charging Station?
An Electric Vehicle (EV) Charging Station is equipment that you can use to charge electric vehicles and plug-in hybrids. While gas stations are spread across the country, EV Charging Stations are not as widespread. An EV Charging Station is the same as plugging any electronic device to charge it. Depending on the type of EV Charging Station, the charging station can supply 120V to 500V. A Level 3 EV Charging Station is the fastest charger and typically supplies 480V.
Types of EV Charging Stations
The type of EV Charging Station you need to consider depends on the different levels of charging it offers. You can install an EV Charging Station at a residence or a commercial property.
The EV Charging Station could be a fast-charging station that allows you to travel 60 miles in 10 to 30 minutes of charging. You can also have a charging station where you can swap batteries.
There are 3 levels of charging stations based on how much voltage it charges.
Level 1 EV Charger
A Level 1 EV Charger is the slowest charger. It has a standard 120V charge. You can plug this into any 120V electrical outlet and the other end plugs into the car. It may use the standard J1772 plug. It can charge 124 miles in 20 hours. These are not meant for public chargers.
Level 2 EV Charger
A Level 2 EV Charger is the most common one that is used in private and public EV Charging Stations. These are separate chargers that allow for 240V charging. It is 3 to 7 times faster than a Level 1 charger. It takes about 3 hours to charge a 30 kWh electric car. A Level 2 charger uses a J1772 plug which is the most common type of plug, other than Tesla. For a Tesla, you can always get an adaptor.
Level 3 EV Charger
A Level 3 EV Charger is for fast charging and is used for commercial applications. It allows for 480V charging. These are direct current (DC) fast chargers. You can charge up to 80% in 30 minutes, and the rest of the 20% will take approximately another hour. These types of chargers are most often found along major highways.
The thing to note is that the plug for a Level 3 EV Charger is different. You can have a CHAdeMO connector, or an SAE Combo connected. These two are not interchangeable. A Tesla uses a different connector, but it has an adaptor for the CHAdeMO connector. Remember that not every EV can charge using level 3 chargers.
Plugs For EV Charging Stations
The most popular electric vehicles are the Tesla Model Y, Chevrolet Bolt, Ford Mustang Mach-E, and Volkswagen ID.4. Some hybrid vehicles that you’ve probably seen around are the Toyota Corolla 1.8 VVT-I Hybrid, the Volkswagen Passat GTE Estate, the BMW 330e, and the Skoda Octavia iV Estate.
These electric vehicles can have different plugs, depending on the model. There are 4 types of plugs. Two plugs are for alternating current, which allows charging up to 43 kW. The other two plugs are for direct current that allows for a much greater charging power of 250 kW. These are the ones you would need for a commercial location.
Tesla has a separate connector that can’t be used on non-Tesla vehicles. You don’t need to worry because you can get EV adapters so all types of electric vehicles can charge their vehicle at the EV Charging Stations on the commercial properties you manage.
If you’re offering an EV Charging Station at a commercial property, you may want to consider providing adapters rather than relying on the users to have their separate adapters. This is a feature you may want to make sure the EV Charging Station offers.
How Long Can EV’s Go Without Charging?
Why is EV Charging Stations so important? Like gas stations, you need to charge an EV so it can continue working. An EV has a lithium-ion battery which changes depending on the type and size of the EV. Rather than liters, an EV charge is measured in kilowatt-hours (kWh).
According to EV battery manufacturer EDF a common 40 kWh battery will probably last you for around 150 miles before it needs to be recharged. A Tesla 100 kWh battery will last around 375 miles.
This means that we need EV Charging Stations to be able to recharge those EVs. This is where commercial EV charging stations can make a huge difference.
What Are Commercial EV Charging Stations?
Commercial EV Charging stations can be located in a multi-unit housing complex, a fleet of vehicles, or a business. As more and more drivers go electric, Commercial EV Charging Stations are becoming a necessity, not a luxury. You can install an EV Charging Station at many different types of buildings and facilities including:
Apartments & Condo Buildings
Shopping Malls & Strip Centers
Hospitals & Medical Offices
Private Parking Lots & Garages
Class A Office Buildings
Colleges & Universities
For example, if you have customers who want to stop at a retail location after work, having the ability to recharge their car there is an incentive to shop there. These are especially important in suburban locations where it would not be feasible for someone with an EV to frequent the commercial location.
Retail locations need to upgrade their parking structures to install EV Charging Stations. These include Walmart, Home Depot, Costco, shopping malls and plazas plus their parking lots outside these locations. Let's not forget large facilities and centers of employment, vehicle fleets, and public parking spaces.
Most daily activities and after work errands revolve around these locations. If you’re rushing around from one stop to another, you don’t want your car dying right when you get to your final destination. Installing EV Charging Stations at such retail and commercial properties is an important step to customer satisfaction and employee retention.
Remember that people will shop and work where they can charge. The easier you make it for them, the better it is for your properties.
Multi-family properties include apartments and condos. Why is it so important for you to consider installing EV Charging Stations at multi-family properties? It’s because 85% of charging for EVs occurs at home.
There is a lot of demand for EV Charging Stations at these locations because this is the place that most people will charge their EVs. They’ll come home after a long day at work and plug in their car knowing that it’ll be fully charged by the time they need to head back to work the next day.
By providing this option, you’re making life easier for your tenants. A property manager who makes life easy and convenient for its tenants will stand out among the crowd.
Office Properties and Workplaces
Any building with a lot of office space and employees working in the offices will want to make sure that they have EV Charging Stations. They will want to make sure that their employees are happy.
By offering them a chance to charge their EVs at work, employees and customers can go and have some fun for lunch or after work without feeling stuck. As a property or facility manager, you want to make sure that you can provide the EV Charging Station opportunities to office properties or workplaces.
Free EV Charging Station Installation Quote
Interested in learning more about Capstone's EV Charging Stations and their cutting-edge technology? If yes, please contact Mark Carvalho at Capstone Engineered Solutions at firstname.lastname@example.org and (714) 317-0369 or his associate Corey L. Wilson at CLW Enterprises at email@example.com and (951) 415-3002 for a no obligation and hassle-free consultation.